EBSCO Discovery Service brings together the most comprehensive collection of content—including superior indexing from top subject indexes, high-end full text and the entire library collection—all within an unparalleled full-featured, customizable discovery layer experience. -- Ebsco
An integrated research experience, Gale Literary Sources brings together Gale's premier literary databases in a new digital environment that allows researchers, faculty and students to search across these resources to discover and analyze content in entirely new ways
We help you explore a wide range of scholarly content through a powerful research and teaching platform. We collaborate with the academic community to help libraries connect students and faculty to vital content while lowering costs and increasing shelf space, provide independent researchers with free and low-cost access to scholarship, and help publishers reach new audiences and preserve their content for future generations. -- JSTOR
Project MUSE is a leading provider of digital humanities and social sciences content; since 1995, its electronic journal collections have supported a wide array of research needs at academic, public, special, and school libraries worldwide. MUSE books and journals, from leading university presses and scholarly societies, are fully integrated for search and discovery.
These research starters, supplied by Salem Press through the library's EBSCO Discovery Service, provide an excellent place to begin your research. Each research starter gives a brief summary of some of the popular literary theories or schools of criticism and each entry includes a bibliography. Use these research starters to become more familiar with the different literary and critical theories and to look for words, terms and phrases that might help you develop your search strategy.
Remember: the bibliography or works cited page of any work is a vital resource; it can lead you to other credible resources to use in your research!
Containers can be thought of as holders of information. Where did you access the information being cited?
For works that are parts of a greater whole, such as a chapter in a book or an article in a journal, the greater whole is considered the container.
Also, there are instances when you will have a second container, such as a chapter in a book that was accessed online through the HathiTrust Digital Libraryor an article in a journal that was accessed through the library's JSTOR database.
In these instances, the second container must also be listed in your citation. The second container's information will be listed at the very end of your citation.
In addition to the author, list the names of other people who contributed to the creation of your work and whose work played an important part in your research or whose participation in important to identifying the work.
Here are some examples of contributors that you may need to mention. Provide the description of the contributor's role followed by the contributor's name or names. Please see page 151 and 152 of the ninth edition MLA Handbook for more information about formatting contributor information.
Some contributors roles are better described by simply stated the name of the role, such as general editor. You may also list more than one contributing role if it is important to your research and the identification of the work.
If you're quoting the exact words of someone else, make certain to include quotation marks around those words. You must also cite information that you have placed into your own words, a paraphrase.
According to Brown, "Direct quote" (1021).
Brown found that paraphrased passage (1021).
[Some other introduction] "Direct quote" (Brown 1021).
If you're directly quoting a passage that is longer than 4 lines, use a blockquote. Block quotes don't need quotation marks. Instead, indent the text 1/2 inch from the left margin as a visual cue that you are citing. The in-text citation in parentheses goes after the punctuation of the quote.
Shavers' study found the following:
While research studies have established that socioeconomic status influences disease incidence, severity and access to healthcare, there has been relatively less study of the specific manner in which low SES influences receipt of quality care and consequent morbidity and mortality among patients with similar disease characteristics, particularly among those who have gained access to the healthcare system. (1021)
Tip: Use direct quotes sparingly! Focus on summarizing and paraphrasing the findings from your research instead.
If your source has two authors, include the last names of both authors, tied together with the word "and."
Citation in prose: According to Brown and Little, limitations of studying socioeconomic status in research on health disparities include difficulties in collecting data on socioeconomic status and the complications of classifying women, children, and employment status (56).
Parenthetical citaiton: Limitations of studying socioeconomic status in research on health disparities include difficulties in collecting data on socioeconomic status and the complications of classifying women, children, and employment status (Brown and Little 56).
If your source has three or more authors, include only the last name of the first author listed, followed by the words "and others" or "and colleagues" for a citation in prose or the phrase "et al." for a parenthetical citation.
Citation in prose: According to Jones and others, limitations of studying socioeconomic status in research on health disparities include difficulties in collecting data on socioeconomic status and the complications of classifying women, children, and employment status (105).
Parenthetical citaiton: Limitations of studying socioeconomic status in research on health disparities include difficulties in collecting data on socioeconomic status and the complications of classifying women, children, and employment status (Jones et al. 105).
If your source has paragraph numbers, section numbers, or chapter numbers, utilize these numbers in the absence of normal page numbers. Use the appropriate abbreviation to identify the type of number identification you are using. Add the letter s to the abbreviation when listing multiple paragraphs, sections, or chapters.
Paragraph: par. or pars.
Section: sec. or secs.
Chapter: ch. or chs.
Line: line or lines
How do I format my MLA paper?
The information provided below will assist you in properly formatting your paper according to the MLA standards. Please check with your professor to ensure that you are meeting all requirements for your specific class and project.
Please visit the MLA website to learn more about formatting your MLA style paper.